Briefly Prevention of Breast Cancer

Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that grows in the breast tissue. Cancer can begin to grow in the milk glands, milk ducts, fatty tissue and connective tissue in the breast. The cause is unknown, but there are some risk factors that cause a women to be more likely to have breast cancer.

Several risk factors influencing  are :
  • Age. Several 60% of breast cancer occurs in over 60 years of age. Greatest risk found in women aged over 75 years.
  • After breast cancer had affected removed with operations, then the risk of breast cancer in healthy increased by 0,5-1% / year.
  • Family history of who breast cancer. Mothers, sisters or children suffering from cancer, a risk 3 times more likely to suffer from breast cancer
  • Genetic and hormonal factors.
  • Breast disease had a non-cancer.
  • Menarche (first menstruation) before  12 years age, menopause after age 55 years, first pregnancy after age 30 years or never pregnant.
  • Family plan pills or estrogen replacement therapy.
  • Obesity after menopause.
  • Consumption of alcohol  more than 1-2 cups / day can increase the risk of  breast cancer.
  • Chemicals. Several studies have mentioned the chemical exposure that resemble estrogen (contained in pesticides and other industrial products) may increase the risk of breast cancer.
  • DES (Diethylstilbestrol), for  women who prevent miscarriage have a higher risk of  breast cancer.
  • Radiation.
Symptoms and sign 

The beginning of a lump usually feels different than the surrounding breast tissue, painless and usually have an irregular edge. In the early stages, when driven by a finger, a lump can be moved easily under the skin. At an advanced stage, the lump is usually attached to the chest wall or the surrounding skin. In advanced-stage cancer, can form a swollen lump or breast skin ulcers. Sometimes the skin over the lump shrank and looked like an orange peel. Other symptoms that may be found in a lump or mass in the armpit, change the size or shape of the breast, an abnormal discharge from the nipple (usually bloody or yellow to green, may also be pus), change in skin color or texture in the breasts, nipples and areola (dark brown area around the nipple), breast looks red, the skin around the nipple scaly, nipples are interested in or feel itchy, painful swelling of the breasts or one breast. At an advanced stage may arise bone pain, weight loss, swelling of arms or ulcerated skin.


Many risk factors can not be controlled. Some experts diet and cancer experts believe that the changes in diet and lifestyle in general can reduce the incidence of cancer. Endeavored to make early diagnosis of breast cancer easier to treat and can healed if still in early stages. examine the clinical breast and mammography as a screening procedure to detect the three  instruments at an early stage cancer.  

Management of  Treatment 

Usually begins after the comprehensive assessment of the condition of the patient, ie about one week or more after the biopsy. The treatment consists of surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy and hormone inhibitors.
Radiation therapy used to kill cancer cells in the tumor removal and the surrounding area, including lymph node. Chemotherapy (a combination of drugs to kill cells that multiply quickly or pressing breeding) and drug-hormone inhibitors (drugs that affect the hormones that support the growth of cancer cells) are used to suppress the growth of cancer cells throughout the body.

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